Tuesday, 7 February 2012

David Buckingham

Renowned theorist ‘Christian Metz’ believed that genre alters over time though a process of development. Metz divided his process into four stages know as ‘Experimental’, ‘De-construction’, ‘Parody’ and finally ‘Hybrid’. While, ‘Gunther Kress’ argues that genre evolves with progression and changes in time. Kress argued that written text is constructed with and ideal audience.
In contrast to these theorists, David Buckingham studied children's and young people's interactions with electronic media. Ever changing media, ever changing identities - development of genre to the argues, genre is not simply given by the culture; rather it is a constant process of negotiation and change

Discovering the depth of Identity - Buckingham explores the development of how individuals understand the concept of identity. As a child identity is seen as a simple concept where by a child will simply differentiate between male and female genders.
According to Buckingham, as we grow older our understanding of identity becomes very complex no longer a simple method of just establishing gender.
Buckingham argues that "Genre is not... simply given by the culture rather it is in a constant process of regulation and change.
As a child identity is a simple concept a child could differentiate between male and female. As we grow older identity becomes very complex. Identity is unique and ever changing and so is genre.
He notes there has hardly been any empirical research on the ways in which real audiences might understand genre or use this understanding in making sense on specific texts.
Says would be mistake to regard the data as a demonstration of child’s pre-existing cognitive understandings since he stresses that categorization in a social process as well as a cognitive one, evidence that children progressively acquire a discourse of genre as the mature that is a set of terms which facilitate process of categorisation or at least make some
Applying David Buckingham’s theory to legendary band the Bee Gees and currently active boy band JLS
How are they different?

To some extent the Bee Gees were an early prototype to the more recognisable boy bands of today.  The band consisted of 3 initial members; Barry, Robin and Maurice Gibb who were all brothers formed the group in the late 50s and early 60s. The Bee Gees defined the disco and pop era of the 60s and 70s and created the initial stereotypes for that genre from clothing to their hairstyles. 

In contrast, recently established boy band JLS were formed as a result of there second placed triumph on the X-Factor reality show. The boy band consists of 4 members 
How are men being shown?

Appearance wise, the Bee Gees are wearing quite flamboyant and less recognisable clothing to today’s fashion. As the Bee Gees career developed so did their attire, as they soon established their own trademark clothing of polyester flares, bell bottoms and platform shoes. However, surprisingly there isn't a stark contrast between JLS' outfits. Although they wear completely different outfit and have different hairstyles they both essentially wore tight clothing. 
Change in stereotypes?
What do the contradicting images say about the stereotype?